What’s the impact of fluoride on dental well being?
The “Sustainable Well being” program hosts: Dr. Randa Adeeb, Head of the Dental Division at Al-Hakim Medical Middle, Muscat, Oman, to current the next file: What’s the impact of fluoride on dental well being?
A latest research: Extreme publicity to fluoride damages tooth enamel
A brand new research performed by a group of researchers from New York College Abu Dhabi and the New York College School of Dentistry revealed a brand new clarification behind instances of dental fluorosis, a situation through which white spots seem on the enamel and consequence from extreme publicity to fluoride throughout childhood. Excessive ranges of fluoride alter calcium signaling, mitochondrial perform, and gene expression within the cells that make up tooth enamel.
The research, which was printed in Science Signaling, a scientific journal printed by the American Affiliation for the Development of Science, was led by Rodrigo La Cruz, affiliate professor of fundamental sciences on the New York College Faculty of Dentistry, in collaboration with a gaggle of researchers. Tooth enamel uncovered to excessive ranges of fluoride, with the purpose of finding out the molecular bases of dental fluorosis instances, then they evaluated the impact of fluoride on intracellular calcium signaling as a result of function of calcium in tooth enamel mineralization.
The researchers discovered that exposing the enamel cells of rodents’ enamel to fluoride led to a defect within the regulation of calcium, with a lower in its entry and storage within the endoplasmic reticulum, which is a compartment situated inside cells and has a number of features, together with calcium storage. Fluoride additionally disrupted the perform of mitochondria (power turbines in cells), which affected the power manufacturing course of. Lastly, RNA sequencing, which reveals the useful output of the cells’ genes, revealed that in enamel cells uncovered to fluoride, the gene coding for a stress-response protein within the ER, which in flip encodes mitochondrial proteins concerned within the cell’s power manufacturing, is overrepresented.
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